I decided to start a new topic regarding the Romanian 6.5x53.5R cartridge since there is quite some info on this forum but it is spread into several topics so it is hard to follow.
I have a modest collection of M93 casings and cartridges since the Mannlicher 1893 is my main interest field and i will be happy to answer any questions regarding the weapon or the ammo it used.
The first issue i would like to discuss is the headstamp markings.
Romanian M92 and M93 contract casings all have a fragmented marking in the following fashion:
-at 9 o clock is always M , standing for Model
-at 3 o clock is always 93, the last numbers from 1893
-at 6 o clock is usually the maker`s mark (with some exceptions that have it at 12 o clock)
-at 12 o clock is the production year (with some exceptions that have it at 6 o clock)
Below, i will list all the known markings and their production years.
DWM 1912 1913 - Deutsche Waffen und Munitions Fabrike A.G., Karlsruhe
GR 1893 1894 1896 1903 1914 - George Roth , Wien
H. 1912 - Hirtenberger Patronen, Zundhütchen und Metallwarenfabrik,Hirtenberg
K 1924 1925 - Kynoch Co.
K&C 1893 1898 1899 1903 1905 - Patronenfabrik Keller & Co. ,Wien
KN 1916 1917 - King Norton , Englang
N 1902 - Rheinisch-Westfälische Sprengstoff, A.-G. Nuremberg
S.F.M. 1915 1916 1917 - Société Française des Munitions, Paris
SMI 1915 - Societa Metallurgica Italiana, Livorno
U.S.C.Co. 1917 -
W 1911 1912 1913 - Manfred Weiss Patronenfabrik, Budapest
PAB 1903 1904 1905 1906 1607 1908 1909
P.A.B. 1903 1908 1914
PAC 1895(?) 1898
P.A.H. 1903 1913 1914
PAM 1909 1910 1911 1912(?) 1913(?)
P.A.M. 1912 1913
P.A.R. 1913 1914
PT 1898 1899
All the codes from above, with the exception of PT, are PA-codes + the last letter is the provider of the brass. The only identified producer is:
PAC - Metal from Companie Francaise de Munitions
I am also suspecting the following others, but they are not confirmed:
PAH and P.A.H. - Metal from Hirtenberger
P.A.R - Metal from Georg Roth
PAB and P.A.B. - Metal from Basse & Stelve
There is also information about casing elements being bought from Societa Metalurgica Italiana from Livorno (50.000 pieces) somewhere in 1914-1915 and i am suspecting these to be marked P.A.I. , P.A.L. or both.
PT stands for Pirotehnia Armatei, made from transformed roundels intended for M79 casings.
More in a following post. :)