The photo shows 7N14 military sniper cartridge, which is sold as a civilian cartridge of increased accuracy.
This is a variant of cartridge 7N1, which was developed in Klimovsk in the late 60s of the last century for the Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD). After the development of the rifle, it became clear that it was impossible to realize its potential due to the absence of accurate cartridges in the USSR. All cartridges in the former USSR, including 7.62 x 54 R cartridges, were three-component and contained a thin lead layer between the jacket and the core. Such cartridges allow reducing the barrel channel wear, but, by definition, do not provide accurate shooting.
All this is considered in my book.
Designer Peter Sazonov, whom I personally knew, developed a two-component sniper cartridge with a composite core, which includes a steel core in the forward portion of the bullet and a lead core in the cylindrical and rear portion of the bullet. The cartridge has become a two-component with a corresponding decrease in the dispersion of the trajectories.