Thank you my friend! My copy of “Death Comes in Yellow” disappeared when I loaned it out and it was subsequently loaned again. That was quite a few years ago. I have just ordered another copy. I think I remember that the SS ran the camp where the slave workers were kept and also supplied these workers at kam. I have not seen specific reference to slave workers in S&B and dou but I wouldn’t be surprised. I have read that Goering’s Brother had some involvement with S&B and protected workers there—another interesting story.
Paul Budin is not the first Lt Col I have promoted, but none of them was being promoted to General, particularly SS General. I will have to read that part of Ms Karay’s book again.
I never meant to imply that only SS controlled enterprises used slave labor. It does seem that many, probably most owners of significant businesses joined the Nazi party but in the atmosphere of the day, they had little choice.
I know DWM operated FN during the war and Geco operated SFM. I read in a document which I can’t recall that the SS was given control (or some similar word) of the ammunition factories in the occupied countries, but don’t recall any reference to SS involvement with SFM and FN but perhaps others know of some.
There were a number of other Nazi organizations that pretty bad guys, and some well respected authors have included the Army in Russia in that group, but Russia and the entire Eastern front was brutal and I don’t know of an army that has been in intense combat that has not had issues with brutality.
There was a lot of the SS, as you know, that was outside of the SS combat units that fought with the Army. There is ample evidence that the SS, in total, had problems getting weapons and ammunition, both before the warand during theearly years. According to some accounts Hitler walked a thin line between his Generals and the Nazi party on this issue until 1942 or so when the Army committed to supplying the SS, particularly the combat units, but still refused to supply the prison camp guards and SS training units, or so I have read. This need to supply themselves separately with ammunition is well documented. I can see a number of cases with9x19mm where this appears to be true! There are even pieces written asserting that Himmler attempted to build the Nazi Party, particularly the SS, a seperate industrial base for war material that he would controll.
My interest has nothing to do with the morality of the SS or of slave labor. I am, by trade, a Logistician and much of every nations ammunition structure and products are determined by Logistics considerations.
Again, thanks for your corrections on my post above!