I just received my 2018 NAMMO Bulletin, and among some really
good articles, was a short article on Bakellitfabrikken, of Norway. Some
really up to date facts I was not familiar with. The article was evidently
prepared by someone named Trond Bergerud, so credit for this information
belongs to him.
Bakelittfabrikken was found in Oslo in 1946. It was there that the company
invented the world’s first plastic blank ammunition, in 1953. In 1955 they moved to
the city of Aurskog. Just prior to that move, in 1954, Bakellittfabrikken was awarded
a contract with the Norwegian Army for the production and delivery of plastic blanks
in caliber 7.62 x 63 mm (.30-06). In the late 1950s, they introduced a short-range
training round with enabled live firing and training even within limited space and
Over the years, development continued and the blanks and short-range cartridges
were developed in many calibers, from 4.6 mm up to 40 mm. The company also
collaborated with weapon manufacturers in the development of blank firing attachments
and training bolts for different weapons.
Licenses to manufacture plastic ammunition based on Bakelitt’s patents were granted to
various company’s. The company was also involved with the development and manufacture
of civilian products, including a plastic boat designed and produced under the name “Pioner”
(spelled with a single “e” as shown here) in 1959, and much later in 1994, there was also an
electric two-seat “micro car” originally designed with a plastic chassis. It was one of the first
of the electric cars and was used during the Winter Olympics at Lillehammer in 1994.
In 2005, the company;s ammunition production unit was acquired by Nammo, and renamed
Nammo Bakelittfabrikken AS, a legal entity owned by Nammo Raufoss AS. In 2016, the group
decided to merge Nammo Bakelittfabrikken AS with Nammo Raufouss AS, and the merger was
established July 1, 2017 with Bakellitfabrikken AS officially becoming part of Nammo Raufuss AS.
As is well known in our collecting fraternity, Nammo has become a very important player in the
world-wide ammunition production business, along with a Swiss Company RUAG.
I was reminded by this article that Bakellittfabriken had developed the (usually) blue-color short
range plastic cartridges, but had never given thought to the matter that most of these are identified
as being of German manufacture. It brings up the question of whether the German rounds were
actually made in Norway, or produces their own under license. If the latter, does anyone have
documented information that Bakkellittfabriken ever actually produced the blue plastic training rounds
in 7.65 mm Browning and 9 x 19 mm Parabellum? I ask about these specifically since they are
within my own collecting interests.
In passing, I learned something else from the 2018 Nammo Bulletin. I had always thought that Fabrica
de Municiones Palencia, of Spain, was a Spanish Government facility. Whether it was or was not, on
October 16, 2013, Nammo agreed to purchase the factory, and took responsible for the work force and
everything else pertaining to the factory.
This was an excellent issue, including mention of Nammo’s purchase of Berger Bullets, operating under the
name of Capstone Precision Products, operating in Arizona and Missouri.
Hope this is of some interest. It is most certainly not, nor intended to be, a complete history of Bakellite or anything else. Just some facts to help fill in the store of that important company.