Pete’s point about “re-design” is well taken. For example, you show on your list a number of cartridges under Colt. The majority of these were designed by John Browning, working with various ammunition companies like Winchester, FN, UMC, etc. In fact, the first .32 Browning-caliber pistol was made in 1899 by Fabrique Nationale d’Armes de Guerre, Liege–Herstal, Belgium. FN had much imput into the cartridge and, of course, Colt did not introduce their .32 ACP-caliber pistol until 1903. Colt does not make ammunition, even though a few years ago, they introduced a line of cartridges under their name. None of those current cartridges are actually made by, nor were they designed by, Colt.
In the case of the .45 Auto, development of the cartridge actually began in February 1904, with the receipt of specifications from a “Mr. Thomas,” who I believe was with Colt, at the Union Metallic Cartridge Co. Between Mar and November 1905, UMC sent Colt various experimental lots of .45 ammo for testing. It was not until December 7, 1905, that UMC received a pistol from Colt, and proceeded with serial production of the cartridge. In the daily log entries, John Browning is mentioned several times as offering advice for corrections of certain details of the cartridge, which UMC did.
So, lots of avenues were traveled by a lot of cartridges, making it sometimes difficult to know who the Designer, or even the designing entity, was.
I saw your list on the other thread, and overall, it is quite impressive how many calibers you covered. I did not have time to go over it thoroughly, and of course, would not be qualified to discuss much other than auto pistol calibers.