EOD - Where have you been, my friend? :-) “Fiocchi USA” which is the headstamp appellation for Fiocchi of America, Inc., dates back to at least 1989. My earliest catalog is undated but is with a Dealer Price Sheet dated December 12, 1989. It was founded at Ozark, Missouri and they have a loading facility there. However, without a box label, it is hard to tell where any Fiocchi ammunition is made, regardless if it has a “FIOCCHI USA” headstamp or not.
Their original catalog address was Route 2, Box 90-8, Ozark, MO. 65721. The latest address found on their catalog is 6930 N. Fremont Blvd., Ozark, MO 65721. This does not represent a different location for the factory, but rather simply using the action street address rather than a P. O. Box number, I believe. The also have offices in Boulder City, Nevada, just south of Las Vegas in the community most famous for the gigantic Hoover Dam.
Fiocchi is always confusing, since the make ammunition in Italy for so many countries other than their own use, also made at Lecco. However, they have factories in other places. I have a box of the standard Fiocchi pattern for the time in which it was made, but it is in Spanish, and marked “Industria Argentina.” I have never even put a cartridge in my collection because while actually at least assembled in Argentina, it is indistinguishable from the Italian Product.
My latest Fiocchi Box is for 9 mm Luger, and holds 25-rounds, the Post-WWII Fiocchi 25-rounsd box I have seen for this caliber. It is oddly marked as “Assembled in the USA” although it has a CIP marking on the box. Further, and the first time I have ever seen this for any caliber of Fiocchi ammunition, regardless of where made, the cases are nickel-plated Starline manufacture, including the use of the normal Starline headstamp for 9 mm Luger.
I have two boxes for 9 mm Makarov, both marked for Fiocchi of America, Inc., with one marked “Assembled in Hungary for Fiocchi of America,” and the other marked “Made in Hungary.” The contents of both are identical, and with “FIOCCHI USA 9X18 MAK” headstamp.
I’m sure if I looked at every Post-WWII box in my collection, I would find other markings. I know I have a 9 mm box from Fiocchi, Lecco, marked on the back “Made in EU.”
So, in short, the presence, or for that matter, the absence as well, of a FIOCCHI USA headstamp does not guarantee manufacture of the ammunition in the US, or for that matter, even assembly of it here, Just as the older headstamps for Fiocchi, Lecco, don’t guarantee Italian manufacture.
Hope this is of some help.