From a report on forbidden ammunition used in WWI.
Cartridge with point cut with cross-shaped incisions:
“Cartridge found on the 25th and 26th August, 1914, on the field of battle at Réméréville and at Crévic, in clips carried by German soldiers and in the belts of their machine guns”.
“Front and side views of a clip picked up on the 26th August on the field of battle near Étain by a non-commissioned officer of the 366th Infantry and handed over to Captain Bavière, of the staff of the 72d Division”.
“The cartridge submitted is a German regulation cartridge with an S bullet fixed in a case manufactured at Spandau on the 3d August, 1909. The incisions must have been made on the bullet after the cartridge had been turned out complete. They consist of two lines, cut with a saw, of about 0.5 mm. cut crossways on the point to a depth of 6 mm” (Paris, 7th September, 1914. No picture).
Cartridge with core of bullet exposed:
“The cartridges forwarded have nothing to indicate the place of their origin; they were evidently made without marks. But they fit the German rifle chamber, and as regards the length of the bullet exposed and its leaden core, they are identical with that of the German cartridge of the model of 1888. With the exception of the portion of the bullet protruding from the casing they fit exactly in size and shape over an outline of this cartridge taken at the end of 1894”.
Dum-dum bullet, solid nose hollow type:
“These were made by the Deutsche Waffen und Munitionen Gesellschaft (D.W.M.) in its branch factory at Karlsruhe (K). The bullet, of the same type as the normal bullet, has a conical hole cut in its head, similar to that introduced in the case of the bullet of 1886 to make the new pattern cartridge of the stand model of 1906 [8x50R], but with this difference, that the edge of the metal casing is let in on the inside of the cavity as shown in the annexed photograph of the cut cartridge. These bullets are therefore of the dum-dum type called by English ammunition makers “solid nose hollow.” The effect of this cavity, however, does not appear to be such as might be expected from observation of the results given by rifle bullets of a similar kind. Four of the cartridges under examination were fired at boxes filled with sawdust, and two of them, tested by theinterposition of a plank, calculated to produce the effect of passing through a hard body, behaved in a manner precisely similar to that of the ordinary cartridges which were fired at the same time”.
Speed measured with normal cartridges before firing them into boxes filled with sawdust.
Total length of the cartridge … 29 mm
Total weight … 12.35 g
Weight of the bullet … 7.92 g
Weight of the charge … 0.350 g