After discussing this subject with other collectors, it seems that there is not much progress done in the identification of the initials found in Italian ammunition, so I decided to start my own research from scratch attempting to bring some light to this subject. For reference, I used two different lists published by two Italian collectors (Defrancisci and Zambon).
At this early stage, my attemp is to identify the initials found in small arms cartridges headstamps and boxes manufactured or stamped at Torino, Capua and Bologna. Further research may include initials used by military establishments located in other Italian cities, like Firenze, Mantova, Roma, &c.
The information published in this preliminary document was taken from official bulletins published by the war ministry, military annuaries and personnel lists published between 1865 and 1913. You will find the initials, name, timeframe and position of every single head technician (capotecnico) that worked at the following facilities:
- Laboratorio Pirotecnico di Torino (1865-1876)
- Laboratorio di Precisione in Torino (1874-1895)
- In 1877 the capotecnici of the Laboratorio Pirotecnico were transfered to the Laboratorio di Precisione (this facility was listed for the first time in 1870 and co-existed with the Laboratorio Pirotecnico during a few years).
- In 1896-1897 the capotecnici were transfered to the Fonderia di Torino (an historical facility established centuries before). In 1898 the latter was renamed Officina di Costruzioni d’Artiglieria di Torino.
- Direzione di Bologna (1869-1879)
- Laboratorio Pirotecnico di Bologna (1880-1913)
- Direzione di Capua (1869-1879)
- Laboratorio Pirotecnico di Capua (1880-1913)
- The “Direzione di Bologna” and “Direzione di Capua” continued to exist after 1879, but the capotecnici were transfered to the new cartridges factories established at each of these cities.
- There are no capotecnici listed for Bologna and Capua in 1865.
I prepared two different documents, one being an historical list of every single capotecnico, and the other is a list of initials found in actual headstamps and boxes. Also, you can download two versions of each, one sorted by date and the other sorted by alphabetical order.
Any corrections, additions or suggestions to improve these lists are most welcome.
Italian Capotecnici (1865-1913) V1.1 January 21, 2019:
Sorted by date: Italian Capotecnici (1865-1913) V1.1 January 21, 2019.pdf (127.9 KB)
Sorted by name: Italian Capotecnici (1865-1913) V1.1 January 21, 2019 (alphabetical).pdf (129.7 KB)
Italian Capotecnici initials found in headstamps and boxes (1876-1965) V1.1 January 21, 2019:
Sorted by date: Italian Capotecnici initials found in headstamps and boxes (1876-1965) V1.1 January 21, 2019.pdf (114.2 KB)