Portuguese 6.5 m/96 cartridges for the Mannlicher rifles and carbines
Portugal bought about 12,500 6.5mm Mannlicher rifles and carbines from Steyr in Austria, some in 1896, for the Navy and Cavalry, and the remainder in 1898 for the Artillery. The 6.5 x 53R cartridges were first imported from Roth and then made in Portugal.
The Portuguese Mannlicher is of the Romanian subfamily rather than the Dutch. These latter two are very similar but differ in the location of the ejector–the Dutch 1895 follows the typical Mannlicher pattern of attaching it to the left side of the bolt head (left when the bolt handle is vertical) while the Romanian 1893 has the ejector pivoted in the receiver proper, just to the rear of the magazine well.
Due to this ejector location the Romanian type bolt requires a clearance cut not found on the Dutch type. Their common ancestor, the 1892 model, is (I am told) similar to the Dutch. The 1892 was made in quite small quantities, but quite a number of them ended up in England, where they were converted into sporting arms. A fair number of the early Mannlicher and Mauser prototypes were sold off in the 1890s & subsequently altered to sporting form, thereby confusing students of arms to no end.
In 1946 a few hundreds of the Portuguese Mannlichers were adapted to the 5.6mm calibre (.22" Rimfire), for training.
Below is a clip of five Portuguese 6.5 m/96 cartridges for the Mannlicher rifles and carbines. These came from a box/carton labelled “FÁBRICA DE CHELAS 10 Cartuchos com bala de 6,5 m/96 1932”. The carton is similar to the one in the attached photo. Waxed paper was wrapped around the clips in the box, similar to the Dutch packing. Other Portuguese made clips are the same but plated instead of being painted black.
The headstamp of the cartridges in the clip is also shown.
Edited: I should have added that the above information was compiled from information generously supplied by Telmo Sequeira of Portugal and Bob Taylor of Texas USA. Thanks to both of them.