As an offshoot on the .38 Special WCC thread, and the resultant history of Olin’s ownership of WCC, A question sprang into my mind ( assisted by Frost,“Ammunition Manufacture” (NRA Publishing).)
Frost worked at WCC from about the time Olin bought Winchester, under the guidance of an Ex-Tsarist Ordnance Inspection officer who had decided not to retun to Bolshevik Russia & who by the 1930s had become one of the senior men in QA at the East Alton Plant.
What headstamp did WCC use during WW I ( for either US contracts or the Russian Contract???) Anybody got examples, especially of the Russian ammo???
The 7,62 Russ made at WCC introduced the principle of finished case anneal after forming the neck and shoulder, to delay "age splitting "or “season cracking”, and the principle of leaving the “flame colour” to indicate that this annealing had been done. This was a Russian process, insisted on all Contract ammo for the Imperial Army. At that time, the US was having a lot of trouble with .30/06 ammo with neck splits appearing sometimes within a year of manufacture ( occurred also in contact .303 made during WW I for Britain). (Frost)
The US only introduced Flame annealing ( and later, electric induction annealing) in the mid-1920s, when they found they had billions of WW I rounds of .30cal, which had to be either dumped or farmed out to the DCM/NRA/National Guard Units to be “used up”. WCC used the annealing process in all its commercial products after WW I ( although for civil sales, the shells were polished to remove the “flame colours”…) (Frost).
Anybody with any further info out there? Mr Frost, if he is still with us, must be in his (late) 90s ( he was a just-graduated engineer when he Joined WCC in the early 1930s, at the height of the Depression).
regards, Doc AV