Sorry I should have looked this up before I asked the questions above:
[quote]The Western Cartridge Company manufactures small arms and
ammunitions. Founded in 1898, it was the forerunner of the Olin
Corporation, formed in 1944, of which Western is still a subsidiary,
and is based in East Alton, Illinois, USA. Western Cartridge Company
acquired the Winchester Repeating Arms Company after Winchester
went into receivership in 1931.
Franklin W. Olin received an engineering degree from
Cornell University in 1886. After working at gunpowder mills
in the eastern United States, he was one of several investors
establishing the Equitable Powder Company in 1892 at East
Alton, Illinois. Production of blasting powder for southern
Illinois coal mining began in 1893.
Olin formed Western Cartridge Company in 1898 to manufacture sporting rifle powder and shotgun shells for
settlers of the Great Plains. The shotgun shells used primers manufactured by larger eastern ammunition firms.
When the firms with primer manufacturing facilities raised primer prices in 1900 to reduce competition from
independent shotgun shell assembly plants, Western Cartridge Company formed the Union Cap and Chemical
Company (UCC) as a joint venture with Austin Cartridge Company of Ohio. UCC manufactured primers, blasting
caps, and .22 and .32 caliber rimfire cartridges at East Alton. Similar manufacturing procedures for these products
included fabrication of sheet metal cups and filling portions of those cups with primary explosive. Rimfire cartridges
bore a UCC headstamp and product packaging included a Maltese cross trademark. Purchase of Alliance
Cartridge Company in 1907 allowed UCC merger into Western Cartridge Company. The company trademark
morphed into Super-X as the Maltese cross became associated with World War I Germany.
John Olin, the son of founder Franklin W. Olin, improved shotgun cartridge designs in the 1920s by using harder
shot and progressive burning powder. Western produced 3 billion rounds of ammunition in World War II, and
the Winchester subsidiary developed the U.S. M1 carbine and produced the carbine and the M1 rifle during the
war. Western ranked 35th among United States corporations in the value of wartime production contracts.
Cartridges made by Western are stamped WCC. Western Cartridge Company produced the now collectible
"Western Xpert" brand of shotgun shells in both 12 and 16 gauge sizes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
I didn’t realize that Olin grew out of Western and didn’t exist before WWII.
Reference the question in my previous post. I don’t think there is a character before the “W.C.Co.” on the early “Target” box.
PLEASE SEND ME OR POST ANY TARGET BOX DATE CODES SO I CAN GET A ROUGH IDEA WHEN THE BOX STYLES CHANGED. CALIBER DOESN’T MATTER.